What are biofuels? Definitions!

We are used to hearing a lot in the media about “biofuels” but there seems to be a lot of confusion as to what they are actually are. So, here at Find A Fuel Supplier Central – we have been looking through various very interesting EU policy documents. In fact, examination of Directive 2003/30/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 8 May 2003 on the promotion of the use of biofuels or other renewable fuels for transport gives us a wonderful set of definitions. So, for your reading pleasure – here they are:

1. bioethanol: produced by the fermentation of plants rich in sugar/starch;
2. biodiesel: a diesel-quality fuel produced from biomass or used frying oils and used as biofuel;
3. ETBE: etherised bioethanol; [FAFS - commonly used as a petrol extender in Spain and France]
4. biogas: a fuel gas produced by the fermentation of organic matter by bacterial populations in the absence of oxygen;
5. biomethanol: methanol produced from biomass;
6. bio-oil: an oil fuel produced by pyrolysis (molecular decomposition of biomass through the application of heat and in the absence of air).